What is Botox?

Botox is a medical protein obtained from the bacterium clostridium botulinum. It has been used safely and successfully in aesthetics to remove wrinkles for about ten years. Botox is accepted as a non-surgical cosmetic product for removing moderate and deep wrinkles. In 2002, the US Food and Drug Administration Board (FDA) approved the use of cosmetics.

In which situations is Botox used?

It has been used for many years in neurology, in the treatment of spastic muscle problems, and in treating eye diseases such as strabismus. In cosmetic dermatology, it is used primarily to reduce skin wrinkles and remove excessive sweating (Hyperhydrosis), which is more common in some people.

How does Botox affect?

Dynamic lines are facial expression lines; gestures (such as frowning, talking, laughing) occur by the contraction of tiny muscles under the skin. The contraction of these muscles settles over time, creating permanent lines and wrinkles. Botox provides the tension of the skin by blocking the passage of the nerves and ”preventing muscle contraction e in the injected area. These lines can be corrected early with botox treatment. This therapy alone can not provide adequate recovery when the lines deepen over time; other additional treatments are applied. (Laser, peeling, filler injection, etc.)

Who is Botox applied to?

Applicable to anyone between 18-65 years. It is mainly used to treat wrinkles on the face and neck. It is not recommended for pregnancy and breastfeeding.

How to apply Botox?

  • Each patient’s treatment is planned according to their muscle structure and skin characteristics.
  • A local anesthetic cream may be applied before the procedure.
  • Considering the person’s muscle structure, small doses of injections are used to the determined wrinkle points with very fine-tipped needles.
  • The treatment usually lasts 10 to 15 minutes, and minimal discomfort is felt during the application.
  • The drug is effective only in the injected area and doesn’t interfere with general circulation.
  • The expected effect starts within two weeks after application.

Which regions are both most applied?

  • Horizontal lines on the forehead
  • Lines between two eyebrows
  • Eye contour lines
  • Lines around the mouth
  • Neckline

How much does Botox’s impact time continue?

Botox treatment provides an improvement of 3-6 months. This period can be 8-10 months as the applications are repeated. It isn’t mandatory to continue with this treatment, and the lines do not return to their original intensity for a long time, even after the effect of the treatment has passed.

 

Resources:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14533572/

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