HEALTH

What is Genital Warts (HPV)?  

HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) caused by the genital warts is called genital wart. It affects both men and women. But women’s body is more vulnerable to complications, so women are more affected than men. There are 125-130 different types of HPV viruses on average. Some of these types have low risk and some have high risk. Some types of this disease, which is dangerous for women, can cause cervix, vulva and anus cancer. Usually sexually transmitted HPV causes itching and pain in the genital area.

What are Genital Warts (HPV) Types?

Genital wart types are divided into high-risk and low-risk types. Low-risk types have nothing to do with cancer. These types are called non-carcinogenic HPV. Low risk types;

  • Types 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 54, 61, 70, 72 and 81.

High-risk types have been shown to cause cervix, vulva and uterine cancers. This type of HPV which carries cancer risk is called carcinogenic. High risk types;

  • Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73 and 82.

The most common are HPV types 6 and 11. Those at risk for cancer are HPV types 16, 18, 31 and 45.

What are the Symptoms of Genital Wart? 

Warts that can progress without any symptoms may not be visible to the eye in most cases. It is very small and may have the same color as the color of the skin, as well as a slight redness. The type of wart (vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia) causing vulva cancer presents with itching and mild pain. But this may not apply in all cases. Some large, large, nodular warts may be seen in people suffering from immunosuppressive problems and in people with diabetes.

Bleeding may occur in women in the genital area, in the event of sexual intercourse or pregnancy. In men, warts can be seen in the penis, groin, testes and anus, causing pain, itching and burning.

At What Age Does Genital Wart (HPV) Occur?

When infected patients were examined, more than half of them were infected between the ages of 14-27. It is most commonly seen in female patients between the ages of 18-25 and 23-30 years in male patients. HPV, which rarely occurs in advanced ages, can also be seen in women over 50 years of age. HPV is no longer seen in people aged 70 and over.

What Areas Of The Genital Wart (HPV) Occur in The Body?

 HPV can be seen in different places in the genital area.

 In men;

  • Penis and its surroundings
  • Anus and breech
  • Testicles
  • Scrotum
  • It is seen in the groin.

 In women;

  • Inside and outside the vagina
  • In the cervix
  • Anus and breech
  • It is seen in the groin.

How Does Genital Wart (HPV) Transmit?

It is usually transmitted through oral, vaginal and anal intercourse. The average transmission rate between couples is 55-60%. Early sexual intercourse, sexual intercourse with different partners, sexual intercourse without protection and poor immune system make it easier for HPV to spread. HPV develops from 3 weeks to 10 months after infection.

In some cases it can only be transmitted by skin contact. Wart contamination was also found on skin contact without HPV. It was also found to be infected only in cases without skin contact. Shared toilets, baths and bathrooms are also places where HPV can be transmitted.

When does Genital Wart (HPV) Appear?

Once infected, the virus can develop silently without symptoms for many years. Some people infected with HPV may not have warts. The body system of people with a strong immune system can deform HPV and neutralize it. When HPV occurs may vary due to the immune system of the infected person, the high low-risk types of HPV, other infectious disorders and the bodily age of the person.

Which Diseases Of The Genital Wart Causes (HPV)?

Silent HPV Infection: Occurs in people infected with HPV. Mostly not contagious. Invisible to the naked eye.  If left untreated, this infected virus can pass to the cervix and become a high-risk position.

 Subliclinic Infection: It is an infection that occurs in the genital area and can be seen with microscope by pouring acetic acid on problematic and infected skin.

 Condyloma acuminata: HPV caused by vulva, cervix, anus and external vagina. HPV types 6 and 11 cause the lesion.  Warts are fluffy.

 Condyloma Planum (Flat Wart): They are not flat and flat warts. High-risk HPV type 16 causes. It can also be seen in the vagina, anus and external genitalia.

 Cancer: Causes high-risk HPV types (HPV types 16, 18 and 31).  It can lead to cervical cancer, vulva cancer, and anus cancer.

What are the Protection Of Genital Wart (HPV)?

In order to prevent HPV, a condom should be used during sexual intercourse. This significantly reduces the chance of infection. HPV vaccine is very important.  When people who have not started sexual intercourse get the vaccine, there is almost no risk of getting HPV virus. There are 3 types of HPV vaccines approved by the FDA (Food And Drug Administration). The vaccine can be administered in people aged 9-27 years. The vaccine is injected into the muscle. Sexual intercourse with multiple partners is extremely risky. Monogamous sexual intercourse should be preferred.

What is Genital Wart Treatment?

Low-risk genital warts can be treated with creams.  During the treatment period of 10-16 weeks, creams or medical fluids are applied directly to the warts. Some genital warts are frozen with liquid nitrogen to form blisters around the wart. The resulting blisters allow the formation of new skin.

Local anesthesia is applied to the warty area to eliminate warts. A device called electrocautery is then used to burn and cut the damaged tissue. Some genital warts can be treated with laser. Visible, surgical procedures are performed in large warts. Treatments are not painful and painful. In some cases, irritation may occur. This is also a temporary problem.

What is Genital Wart Test? 

It is a test used to determine the type and type of HPV for women and men. During this test, tissue sample is taken from warty and damaged area first. This tissue sample may be in one piece, swab (sample taken with the help of cotton or cloth). The DNA belonging to HPV is searched on the sample taken. This test is usually performed when cervical cancer and vulva (external genital) cancers are suspected. The test results appear within 2-3 days on average.

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