The swelling caused by the expansion of veins is called varicose veins. Varicose veins can occur in any vein, most of the veins of the hands and feet were exposed because walking and standing, the vessels of the foot increases the amplifier. Veins are swollen, fluffy, blue, purple or red. It is often painful and can cause other problems if left untreated.
What are Varicose Veins Symptoms?
- Purple, blue and red colored swollen veins,
- Pain in the leg and foot,
- Cramps in the legs and calves,
- Pain during prolonged sitting or sudden standing up,
- Standing for a long time,
- The occurrence of the disease burning and itching,
- Bleeding in problem room,
- Skin cleansing and fading,
- Vascular stiffness and inflammation,
- Pain from hot air
- Many of these types are the branch of restless leg syndrome.
Causes Varicose Veins?
Artels, the heart’s pumped blood, they carry to the tissues. Vessels in the body by sending the excess blood back to the heart, blood makes circulation again. This circulation does not work properly by damaging the arteries or arteries and the blood cannot reach the heart. As it does not provide blood circulation, it accumulates in the vessels and provides swelling and expansion. There are other reasons. These;
- Age factor: Vascular stretching occurs as age works. As the vascular tract weakens, it expands and the blood circulation is disrupted and varicose.
- Pregnancy factor: increases the volume of blood in the body, producing from pregnancy. Direct the blood flow through the leg to the pelvis. With this system, the baby’s development and protection can be maintained. But creating varicose veins by expanding the veins. In pregnancy, hormonal ability triggers this problem even more.
What are the Risk Factors?
Structured clinical studies revealed that it was the causative agent of varicose veins. In these structured studies, family history, alternative smoking, lifestyle differences and risk of varicose veins are high in patients with chronic venous insufficiency. The hereditary cleaning rate is 5 times higher. Some factors may occur at risk for varicose veins. These;
- The risk of developing this disease increases with age. Aging causes wear and tear on the areas regulating blood flow in the vessels. This problem causes blood to accumulate in the vessels.
- Women carry more risks than men. Pregnancy, menstrual periods and changes in hormonal balance from menopause increase the risk of varicose veins.
- The presence of this disease among family members increases the risk of other individuals getting the disease.
- Those who are at risk of illness as overweight designs can exert excessive pressure on the vessels.
- Long-term standing or sitting is a risk factor.
How is Varicose Veins Prevented?
The occurrence of varicose veins can not be prevented. But by improving blood circulation and muscles, the buildup of blood in the vessels can be prevented. Other than that, it can;
- Avoid prolonged standing or sitting.
- Let you eat healthy and do what you do.
- Healthy weight loss accompanied by diets.
- Regular exercises and sports during the day.
- Pillows are placed on the legs of the sleeping bag.
- Do not wear too tight or tight.
- The choice of shoes is multi-purpose. First-heeled shoes are a risk.
- Constipation problem solves the problem in this disease. High fiber foods are preferred for this purpose. Fruits and vegetables are taking to increase consumption.
Which Problems can Cause Varicose Veins?
- Extremely painful and there are wounds on the ankle or wrists, close to those of the varicose veins.
- May cause blood clots. Varicose dilations may reach deeper. To get immediate help while sudden swings and bruises on the legs or arms.
- Bleeds may occur. There may be a sudden bleeding in some vessels close to the skin. Sometimes buffering cannot stop bile blood. During this time he is consulting a doctor.
What are the Types of Varicose Veins?
There are 3 varieties of varicose veins. These;
- Varicose veins near the surface of the skin, where thick and swollen,
- Medium-sized, clustered reticular varices on the surface of the skin,
- Blue or red harmless small varices that appear on the face, hands, feet and legs.
How is Varicose Veins Diagnosed?
Physical and visual examination of doctor. You can also do tests in the doctor, you can. These;
- Doppler test with ultrasound devices to measure blood flow, direction, occlusion and coagulation in the vessels
- color duplex ultrasound scanning test.
Varicose Veins Treatment
If the patient has no symptoms or discomforts, treatment may not be necessary if the appearance of the deformed vessels does not resolve the problem. If you have symptoms for it, treat it to relieve pain and ailments. Varicose veins treatment targets color changes, swelling and lesions in the vessels caused by accumulated blood.
The first treatment method is varicose veins. Wearing socks makes the legs and muscles more healthy by tightening the legs regularly. In addition, swelling and bad image formation helps to correct the vessels. If this treatment fails, the other treatment methods are switched to. In addition, drug treatment can be started. these;
- The doctor injects damaged chemically solutions. After a few weeks, repeating blood circulation, opening clogged and swelling vessels. This procedure is called sclerotherapy without the need for anesthetic agents.
- Varicose varices ready for emergence can be injected with chemical solutions. This method is called microscopy.
- Laser surgery, which is increasingly popular, was also present in this disease. Insert the laser into the swelling vessels without any incision and anesthetic. With this treatment method, the swelling of the vessels decreases and returns to normal.
- A new treatment method is radiofrequency. This method, which is frequently used in medical aesthetics, has also started to be used in varicose veins. A thin tube is inserted into the enlarged and swollen vein. Heat is applied to the end of the tube placed without radiofrequency. The thin tube is removed from the vessel and the heat subsides. The collapsing heat narrows the enlarged vessel, reducing swelling. This method of treatment should be done for very large varicose veins.
- It is also a treatment method for vascular ligation with small incisions without deepening the swelling and enlarging vessels. This is called vein stripping treatment.
- Small varicose veins are treated with local anesthesia. Wounds that may occur in this method called ambulatory phlebectomy are minimal and transient.
- The physician can examine the occluded and swollen vessels with a special camera device called an endoscopic transiluminator. This method detects which vessel analyzer.